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How to import image in next js from public folder
Hakeem Abbas

Hakeem Abbas

Hakeem Abbas is a Software Engineer based in San Francisco, Bay Area. Besides building beautiful web and mobile applications that scale well, Hakeem likes to spend his time traveling, hiking and trying new restaurants.

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How to Import Image in Next js from Public Folder?

Published on January 29, 2024    8 min read


Introduction to Next Js:

In this comprehensive article/guide, we will cover how to import image in Next js from public folder, the benefits of Next js benefits, and the purpose of a public folder in a Next js project, and many more. So let’s get started with the main topic of this guide. Next js has gained immense popularity for building React applications with next js server-side rendering and other performance optimizations. When working with web applications, handling static assets like images becomes a major aspect. And now we will be exploring the process of importing images in Next js, specifically from the public folder.

Understanding the Next js Public Folder

What do you think a public folder in a Next js project is? The `public` folder in a Next js project serves as the default directory for static assets. Any file placed in this folder will be automatically made available at the root level of your application directory. This makes the public folder an ideal location for storing the images that need to be served statically.

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Importing Images in Next js:

The Next Js File Structure

Before diving into importing the images from Next js public folder. It is very important and considered one of the best practices to organize your image files within the `public` folder. A well-structured file organization simplifies the image import process. For instance, you might have an image named `logo.png` within the `public/images` directory. This structure helps maintain a throughout clean hierarchy for any project.

Basic Next js Image Import;

To import a static image in Next js, you can use a standard Next `IMAGE` tag within a React img component. For example:

Basic Next js Image Import

This straightforward approach of the basic next image import works well for static images that don’t require dynamic loading.

Dynamically Importing Images;

For dynamic loading and lazy loading, Next js provides a way to import images using JavaScript dynamically for image importing. This is particularly useful when you are dealing with a large number of images or when you want to load images using conditions (conditionally loading images). Here’s an example:

Dynamically Importing Images

By utilizing these dynamic imports, you can always optimize the loading time of your images. Automatically improving the overall performance of your Next js application, or you can say project.

Optimizing Images

While the Next js handles many performance optimizations, it’s essential to consider image optimization. Because a large-sized image can significantly affect web page load time. Tools like `imagemin` or online services like ImageOptim can help compress and optimize your images before deployment.

Alternative Approaches

Next JS has a vast community of developers that help each other, and these developers often create third-party libraries or plugins to enhance the functionality. And example is when dealing with complex image requirements, consider exploring libraries like `next-images` or `next-optimized-images`. That will surely help you with a better understanding.

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Common Issues and Troubleshooting:

Image Not Found

If an image is not found, make sure that the file path is correct and that the image file is placed within the `public` folder. Double-check the image file extension and file name.

Dynamic Import Errors

When using the dynamic imports, be mindful of the potential errors, especially related to file paths. You have to make sure that the path provided to the dynamic import function is accurate.


In this guide, we’ve covered the fundamentals of how to import image in next js from public folder. The point is, that whether you’re working with static or dynamic images, understanding the file structure, optimizing images, and troubleshooting common issues will enhance your Next js development experience. As you continue to explore image handling in Next JS, just don’t hesitate ever to leverage the third-party libraries and stay updated with the latest developments in the Next JS ecosystem.

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